Nusa Penida
Impact Framework

Nusa Penida, Bali, Indonesia

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Nusa Penida

This page details the UN Sustainable Development Goals being addressed by the SeaTrees project on Nusa Penida in Bali, Indonesia.

Sustainable Development on Nusa Penida

Tourism is one of the main economic pillars in Bali, but there is potential for negative impacts on the local environment. The coral reefs of Nusa Penida have been damaged by tourist pontoon boat anchors, which drag along the coral bed under high currents. This flattens and destroys live coral reefs.

Working with Balinese nonprofit Ocean Gardener, this project employs a team of local fisher-people and divers to restore the degraded coral reefs of Nusa Penida and educate the local community on best practices to protect the reefs moving forward.

Key Impact Metrics

- Every 1000 corals planted creates approximately one week of employment.

- 25 local Indonesians are provided with employment - at a time when the pandemic had devastated Bali’s tourism-based economy

- Habitat created for 500+ marine species

Sustainable Development Goals addressed by the project

SeaTrees evaluates this project annually to measure its impact on all relevant Sustainable Development Goals.

The Nusa Penida project addresses three SDGs. Read below for more details.

Decent Work and Economic Growth

The tourism industry makes up over 50% of the economy in Bali, providing jobs to the local community that rely on healthy coral reefs. In order for this industry to remain viable long-term, the degraded coral reefs need to be restored.

SeaTrees’ project partner, Ocean Gardener, employs 25 local fishermen and divers to restore and protect the coral reefs off of Nusa Penida. Ocean Gardener trains the divers and fishermen on best practices for coral protection while also educating them on the biology of corals and their importance for fish populations and coastal protection.

Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Ocean Gardener is a world leader in scalable and sustainable coral restoration techniques. Building on 20+ years of commercial coral farming experience, the Ocean Gardener team grows coral to replant and restore the damaged coral reefs off of Nusa Penida.

Ocean Gardener uses rope lines made from organic materials, rather than traditional metal or concrete, to grow a variety of coral fragments until they are ready to be placed on the ocean floor.

This method enables Ocean Gardener to grow coral at scale while avoiding any negative impacts on the ecosystem. Ocean Gardener then monitors the coral fragments using GoPros, which have the potential to contribute to future coral restoration research.

Life Below Water

Over the last 30 years, roughly 50% of the world’s coral reefs have been lost, and the coral reefs in Bali have faced growing destruction due to the tourism industry.

Ocean Gardener directly restores and protects over 20 different coral species off of the island of Nusa Penida in Bali, Indonesia. The restored coral reef will provide habitat for more than 500 species of fish, many of which are currently considered vulnerable to extinction.

To read about the UN Sustainable Development Goals in detail please reference this link.